The learning outcomes statement describes students' skills and knowledge that should require at the end of a specific class, program, assignment, or course. It also helps most students to understand that why skills and knowledge are important for them. Students can connect learning in different contexts. And it also helps them to guide evaluation and assessment.
Good learning outcomes point out the integration and application of knowledge. It not only focuses on the cover material but articulates how students will become more able to employ this coverage material more broadly and in the class context.
Some examples of the Learning Outcomes
At the end of class and course, the students, through learning outcomes, will be able of:
· Describe by identifying in Itlay the religious, political, social and economic uses of art.
· Identify a lot of art and artist works.
· At this time in Itlay analyze the art and artist role.
· According to objective methods, analyze the art period.
· Link various types and materials of art to the values and attitudes of the period.
· Defend and evaluate their response to historical issues to a range of art.
Learning Objectives VS Learning Outcomes
The distinction between learning objectives and learning outcomes is not recognized universally. Many instructors find the learning outcomes term, and they describe what they already understand by learning objectives term. But some scholars do not make any distinction between these two terms. Usually, what they suggest about learning outcomes is that it is a type and subject of learning objective. Learning outcomes focus on what students must know and be able realistically by the end of an activity, course, assignment and class. And learning objectives addressed the same goals to the students that were addressed by learning outcomes.
But if focusing on more integration and application of the course content from the student's perspectives, these learning outcomes can more directly and explicitly address the students' expectations for learning. And many instructors find that developing a reflective process of learning outcomes is something that is incorporated already into processes of course planning. Simply a precise term offers this learning outcome for discussing the course content integration, expectations on application and creation of the students learning aims.
Why Learning Outcomes develop for Students
Learning outcomes are important and valuable for instructors, learners and administrators. Mark Battersby explains that simply learning outcomes more than several appended sentences to existing lesson curricula or plans from the learning outcomes network. And the learning outcomes development and its uses within a unit shape instruction assessment and learning activities, enhancing student learning and engagement. Even the students should review the assignments which they order online from nursing assignment writing service UK and get some learning outcomes.
The ability of these learning outcomes provides many benefits to the education of many postsecondary groups. And the learning outcomes development becomes the priority for institutions and instructors over the last decade course. It helps to focus on transferable, generalized, or integrated skills complimenting graduates for contemporary demands. And for lifelong students, learning builds a foundation as public and government attention increases on the higher education products. And learning outcomes help students to define essential aspects and goals within the institution of higher education.
So, learning outcomes develop for students due to these benefits. Moreover, describe below that why learning outcomes developed for the students.
· By focusing on skills and knowledge application that students learned from a course or integrating skills and knowledge, they get from their lives in different areas. Students are connected through it with their learning and course materials.
· The emphasis on generalized and integration skills helps all students draw work between coursework and courses and other knowledge types. And learning outcomes help to increase the engagement of students in learning.
· And through learning outcomes, students can easily understand the goals and conditions of their assessment.
Impacts of Learning Outcomes
Over the years, has changed the understanding of the classroom. And the conflicting arguments are given on which factors are most helpful and influential in determining the good or positive learning outcomes.
And scholars are also looking for those factors that are influencing and affecting the learning of students. And those factors will be ignored that is typical, neutral and clear that have no measurable impact.
What impacts are students learning?
When discussing what impacts student learning, then it is said that primary factors were the teachers that influence students' achievement by a Professor. He also said that due to the teacher's effectiveness, he found positive results in student engagement.
Moreover, it is suggested that the effectiveness of the factors contributing more to students' learning are classified into three groups. These three groups are described below:
1. Low: It is very low and no impact on the student's achievements; typically, it is detrimental to students' learning.
2. Typical: Slight or average impact on students achievement. Neutral effect on the students learning.
3. High: It is the huge or very high impact on student's achievements. Always provides positive learning outcomes to students.
It is suggested that students' issues based on personality, mental state, or motivation had a very low impact on students' achievements. And in some instances, students also suffer from some factors, and it is negatively affected. These are deafness, depression, sleep, ADHD, surface approach and motivation.
Some other factors include physical influences and family dynamics. An most of them are those that not in control of teachers. Negative or low impacts also were affected by teachers on students learning. These are repeating classes, low expectations or labelling students.
The top range and high impact factors accelerated greatly learning contributed by instruction strategies and teacher. These factors include emphasizing feedback, emphasizing learning strategies and intention, or teacher attribute strategies.
According to different studies, it suggests that the main source is the teachers that provide positive influences on students' achievements. And the favourable traits should exhibit the teachers such as passion in teachers to help their students learning, with students forging a strong and best relationship, being clear properly about learning of students what they want to learn them. Moreover, teachers should adopt teaching strategies that are evidence-based and actively seek their teaching methods.
However, teachers have the potential of best and greatest influence on the learning outcomes of students. And the most powerful method for teachers is reflecting on more teaching strategies that empower their students.